Whispering Bell’s Special Report explores trends in IED/VBIED usage in Libya. The report is based on extensive data, dating back to 2013, gathered by Whispering Bell. The report provides an analysis of IED/VBIED attacks, including motives and success rates, in Tripoli and other parts of the country. The report also contains an assessment of common trends in IED/VBIED usage based on Open Source Intelligence (OSINT), and includes future capabilities to carry out such attacks.
This briefing is written by Whispering Bell to provide a summary of international efforts to rebuild Iraq, including the following:
Iraq’s parliament (the Council of Representatives – CoR) approved its 2017 budget on December 7, 2016, after a long, contentious debate and the withdrawal of multiple parliamentary blocs over disagreements. The 2017 budget reduces Iraq government spending by about 5% compared to 2016’s budget. Total expenditure was set at $86.3 billion (100.7 trillion dinars), with the Iraq government projecting total revenues to reach $67.8 billion, based on an average price of $42 per barrel and exports of 3.75 million barrels per day (bpd). Besides the reduced spending plans for 2017, the government expected a deficit of $18.6 billion for the year. However, on the positive side, the Iraq government expected USD 9.5 billion, or IQD 11.1 trillion in revenue to come from non-oil revenues. At about 14% of total government revenue, this is on the high side among oil-driven economies, signaling that Iraq has a substantial “real” economy even though it is still heavily oil-dependent. This 10 page report will inform its readers of the following: Status of Iraq Budget as of August 2017 War Costs in Iraq Budget Iraqi Debt Status Reconstruction Requirements and Budget Major Reconstruction Projects
The following report provides an in-depth overview of IS-related activity recorded in 2018. The report analyses the group’s modus operandi in Libya and explores potential triggers that could enable IS to transition from a near-dormant to a more active threat in the medium/long term.